How about a trip to Terezin? You will have an indelible impression as this place is dominated by horrible memories and atmosphere. There was a camp for Jews during the Second World War. More than 140,000 people were exiled here, of which 15,000 were children! It is terrible to think how many of them died and what these unfortunates survived.
Teresin is a Nazi concentration camp in the Czech Republic. It was established in November 1941 on the basis of the Gestapo prison. This fortress was built in 1780 – 1790 and participated in hostilities during the Austro-Prussian War in 1866-1867. As we have said yet, from the end of the 19th century there was a prison.
A unique Jewish camp was created in this historic fortress when the Nazis occupied Czechoslovakia. About 140 thousand people from all over Europe were brought here. The camp was advertised as the particularly comfortable place. Well-off Jews were even offered to buy a place in Terezin, although in reality the situation of that ghetto was just as difficult as in other camps: terrible living conditions, slave labor and etc.
The statistics of Theresin concentration camp terrifies. More than 100 thousand people died here, 88 thousand were transferred to other camps and only 3,500 of them survived. Almost no one of the 33,000 Terezin children escaped.
Terezin was liberated by Soviet troops on May 9, 1945.
Besides the fact that they were Jews, Terezin was distinguished by a very high educational and professional level of prisoners, among whom were many scholars, writers, musicians and politicians of international renown. There were synagogues and Christian prayer houses. There were lecture halls and magazines were published, performances and exhibitions were held.
The teachers taught the children according to the best methods, the doctors operated, the musicians performed works of the most brilliant composers, staged concerts and operas, a small synagogue functioned - and there were no restrictions to this. The composer Hans Crassus from Prague, the author of Dostoevsky’s grotesque opera on Dyadyushkina’s dream, met in Terezín with many young performers of his children's opera Brundíbar and was able to deliver it several times, although the performers changed every time. Some of them were taken to death camps; others were brought "from the outside." But despite all this facts, miracles were happening in Terezin: Mozart and Smetana operas were staged, numerous concerts were given - Brahms, Chopin - sometimes several a day! Music criticism flourished ...
The main rule is just not to violate the established rules of Teresin concentration camp. The offender may have considered himself as a dead man, but otherwise relative freedom reigned. And, since the number of talented people per square meter exceeded the critical mass, the largest center of European culture was formed in Terezin concentration camp!
At first glance it may seem that these prisoners did not live so badly. However, this assumption is wrong. Imagine people like animals kept in a fortress, not giving the opportunity to go free. Add to this the terrible housing and medical conditions, the lack of good and regular meals. And of course the possibility of transportation to another camp, the death camp. A person could never be sure about next day, at any moment he could be sent to death only because of his nationality and the whims of others.
This is a hard story filled with pain, suffering and misunderstanding. Of course, a visit to Teresin concentration camp will leave a heavy feeling on your soul. However, this is necessary in order to remember and know, to become free. The more forgotten comes to the surface, the freer we become.
Everyone will draw their own conclusions from this.
Mon, Wed, Fri
Beginning at 10.00